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>> welcome to "the journal" coming to you live from berlin trey >> thank you for joining us. here's what's coming up on the show. the u.n. says its inspectors should be allowed to complete their mission in syria before any us-led attack. >> britain wants the un security council to approve military action but says talks could take several days more. >> the united states marks 50 years since martin luther king's famous speech.
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>> the un's secretary-general is calling on the u.s. am a britain, and france to live weapons inspectors more time to do their work in syria. after discussions today, russia called the british initiative premature. >> the u.s. says it has intercepted communications that prove the assad government was behind a chemical attack. but the syrian ambassador to the united nations denies the charges and says the u.n. inspection will prove it was in fact rebels who launched gas attacks. >> meanwhile, people in damascus are stocking up on supplies out of fears that any u.s. attack would hit civilian areas. >> the u.n. inspectors have resumed their work in a damascus suburb, determining if chemical weapons were used in an attack last week. u.n. and arab league special envoy says their investigation
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had up 30 -- had already produced onekey piece of evidence. >> it does seem that some kind of substance was used that killed a lot of people. hundreds, maybe more than hundreds. some people say 300, some people say 600. maybe 1000, maybe more than 1000. >> but he said no military action could go ahead without security council approval. the un's secretary-general urged caution. >> dialogue and political solution is the most important approach. they are making necessary preparations. >> britain and the u.s. are pressing for a military response, but after meeting with security advisers, the rich foreign minister said deliberations would in the coming days. >> we met this afternoon and
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decided unanimously that the use regime is unacceptable and the world cannot stand by in the face of that. the cabinet will meet tomorrow to discuss the united kingdom' bonds and the prime minister will resent the -- will present a case to parliament tomorrow. >> in new york, the security council faces certain viewed as from russia and china and did not vote to authorize military action against syria. the u.s. ambassador called on an investigation into the claim that rebels were using gas. >> these generous groups obtained the materials of reducing outside powers. mainly speaking, turkey, saudi
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arabia and cutter. >> washington and london compared to -- prepared for possible strikes against serial -- serious military targets. >> let's go now to washington and our correspondent there. what is the latest you are hearing about how the talks have been going in the u.n.? >> russia and china did not back the draft resolution, condemning their use of chemical weapons by the assad regime and asking for permission to take all necessary measures to protect civilians. the draft resolution would authorize force to protect civilians from chemical weapons. it was not a big surprise, at least not for me. after a meeting in the security council, the ambassadors in france and the united kingdom came together in a meeting behind closed doors and now they are consulting with governments
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in paris, london and washington. i don't expect any u.n. resolution today or tomorrow. >> the british foreign secretary says talks at the u.n. need to go on for a few more days. does that mean an imminent attack is off the table? >> i don't think this is true. i think the americans and british want to see this as soon as possible. i think london and washington are both under pressure because of what the un's secretary- general said today. no action should be taken until the u.n. inspectors finish their investigation. it might take a couple of days and you might have a couple of days where you have any sort of discussions at the united nations and new york. but i don't think we are going
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to see any u.n. resolution. >> think you very much. >> any us-led attack would lead to a boost in rebel forces. any of them are battle hardened is lynn -- islamists from as far afield as oceania and afghanistan and they have already been implicated in the lensing of christians, shiites and aloe wipes are a >> any u.s. intervention would then as it seeks to punish assad, beginning terrorist groups a leg up on syria secular opposition. here is more on the various layers aligned against the damascus government. >> there is an armed opposition, and opposition in exile, but there is also a peaceful opposition. this motorbike protest was organized by one of the local coordination committees.
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they are calling for a resolution. they are publishing footage of peaceful protests and their weapons posters. as the name suggests, they have little nationwide influence area the syrian national council was founded in exile in turkey two years ago with the name of replacing the assad government. but it has little backing at home. some western nations support the formation of a national coalition. it's resident resigned a few months later in april. >> while sake dealer groups have failed to form a coalition, many religious groups have made great advances. parts of syria are ruled by gulf states.
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the almost rough front has gained an possible -- in popularity thanks to its efforts to provide food and water in war-torn areas. they and other jihadist are firmly established. >> are many islamist groupings where it is clear they are not going to be our allies and they will not be controllable should they ever get the upper hand. a major problem with these rebel forces is that they are very militant. >> the days are long gone when the free syrian army was the only group fighting the regime and all of the equipped units are no match for the syrian military. their commander has long called on western powers to do more to help their struggle. with a militant or peaceful exile, the various groups and syria all want to remove the regime from power, but there is no, and plan for the aftermath.
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many at -- many analysts say this veteran could see the civil war enter and even more violent stage area >> for some analysis, we go live in the studio to a security expert at the german council on foreign relations. will an american attack on syria opened a door, as we saw in that report, it could have been a past elegy for an islamist ascendancy in syria and move the country closer to the kind of radicalism we have seen in egypt and tunisia? >> the american government is doing everything to dampen expectations for what these attacks might accomplish. it is about punishing the assad regime for the use of chemical weapons. it is limited in time and in the number of sorties. it will not change the balance in the war. it will not hit the syrian forces so much that they cannot go against the opposition.
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the chemical weapons thing is a good chance for the americans to prove they can act without being drawn into the conflict. >> any attack on syria is not going to have a nato stamp of approval. what separates this from libya, which was a nato mission? >> libya was a muslim operation and needed a lot of planning to tie the allies and non-nato members. this will be a very small coalition of three who will do something in a couple of days. it will need support in that regard. nato said today it was assad who use the chemical weapons. >> can it end in mission creep? >> it can at these states decide to counter attack targets like israel. >> please stay with us.
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>> angela merkel's government has backed the draft resolution from britain and appealed to russia to support it trade but its own people might take some convincing. >> a new poll shows the german public opinion is strongly against an attack on serious. if a strike does go ahead, germany's rule would likely be limited, one of logistical support rather than offense. still this is not the first exposure to the syrian conflict. some are already in the region. >> german soldiers are there to protect turkey against any attack from syria. protection that may become more important if ankara joined a military strike against syria. then there is the german reconnaissance ship stationed in international waters off the syrian coast. it's electronic systems can monitor distances of up to 600
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kilometers and could provide information to coalition forces. so german military hardware could play an indirect role in a possible attack on syria. officials a germany will not have any direct involvement. opinion polls show a broad swath of the public is uninterested in military action. 69% of germans oppose any military strike. only 23% are in favor. >> other military interventions haven't achieved anything, so i'm certain this would not either. violence always breeds more violence. it's not a solution. >> then there is the massive and ever growing humanitarian crisis. an estimated 4 million syrians have fled the fighting and most are living in emergency camps. germany has taken and 13,000 refugees and has pledged to accept an additional 5000 or more depending on how events unfold area >> we are back now with our security expert from
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the german council of foreign relations. the public is not backing at tax , but in terms of policy, what are berlin's strategic and stressed in all of this? -- strategic interest in all of this? >> to the conflict doesn't escalate and spill off into parts of the middle east region. israel cost security is very high, but when it comes to a chemical weapons attack, hundreds dying indiscriminately with ruler that might be willing to use these weapons again, it shows that from a humanitarian standpoint someone has done against that. >> is there any possibility of german military intervention westmark german aircraft? >> not for a likely.
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germany took pains early on not to look like the libya case. now the german government says they stand on the side of those who inflict the consequences and except of turkey is attack and the nato countries under german command would have to attack. >> thank you very much. >> and other item news now before we go to the break -- a wave of coordinated bombings has killed more than 50 people in predominantly shia neighborhoods of the iraqi capital, baghdad. >> police say 10 attacks took place within the space of just two hours, starting parking lot and restaurants rate car bombs and a suicide bomber. no group has admitted to carrying out the attacks.
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the months since april have been the most violent time in iraq since 2008 great >> after the break, we will go back to washington to hear about how america is marking the 50th anniversary of martin luther king's famous i
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>> the united states is marking the 50th anniversary of one of the most famous speeches in modern american history. in 1963, martin luther king made his call in washington for racial equality great >> and barack obama, america's first black president, to lead ceremonies to mark the anniversary. king's speech was to become the rallying cry of an entire generation. >> i have a dream that one day this nation will rise up, live out the true meaning of its
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creed that we hold these truths to be self evident, that all men are created equal. >> that speech was the culmination of the march on washington ivirights reforms anniversaryrreny underway in th. capital. thousands of marchers have been gathering outside the lincoln memorial, the site of the address. a short time ago, president barack obama and his wife arrived. former president jimmy carter and bill clinton are also on hand. the two other surviving presidents, george bush and george w. bush were all -- were unable to attend. president obama began addressing the crowd a few moments ago. >> we rightly and best remember dr. king's soaring oratory that
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they. how he gave a mighty voice to the quiet hopes of millions, how he offered a celebration path -- salvation path. his words along to the ages. investing a power and prophecy unmatched in our times. >> our correspondent is in washington at the celebrations. can you give us a flavor of the atmosphere there today? >> it is a very special atmosphere. tens of thousand of people turned up in spite of the bad weather. john lewis, the only man, civil rights activist, who stood here 50 years ago with mart luther king. we had actors, jamie foxx and
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oprah winfrey spoke. all very well receed from this ry mixed crowd, but as you can imagine, the stars here were the three presidents. you don't get to see three presidents speaking in the space of 45 minutes that often and the biggest of them all, we can still see behind me the first african-american president here in the united states, barack obama. many people came to see him and they feel not only are they commemorating a very important moment in history, but they are witnessing a very important part of american history with barack obama speaking almost on the minute at the same time as dr. martin luther king spoke 50 years ago. >> do americans feel the division martin luther king laid out has been real honest? >> i talked to amanda earlier
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today who said dr. martin luther king would have never, ever imagined speaking of an african- american president because he would've never thought it would come true within 50 years, yet here we are. on the other side, many feel the dream is still unfulfilled and parts. current things contribute to that, for example, a young african-american teenager got shot in 2012 in florida. the verdict this year was that he was not -- that he was shot in different -- in self-defense and many people in america feel it would have been different if it was a white teenager. as the supreme court overturned a very important piece of legislation -- the voting rights act which helped african- americans to vote area does, that is why many say here that the dream has come a long way but there are still a long way to go. >> max, thank you very much.
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>> when martin luther king gave that spake -- that speech 50 years ago, many like people -- a shot at the white house would have been impossible. >> decades of affirmative action certainly brought more equality. let take a look at some of the progress made and what some feel remains to be done. >> he's a lawsuit in washington dc and he has a big dream for the future. -- he is a law student in washington dc great >> i want to help people. for those who they buy they don't have access to justice. >> but when it comes to landing a dream job, or any for that matter, the u.s. is not a level playing field. the black jobless rate is almost twice that of whites. most black workers earn one
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third less each year than their white counterparts. upon graduation, most students have racked up massive debt grade a year at howard cost for $2000. despite that, the university is under financial pressure. parents of students here cannot afford to make arjun nations. >> i would like to see more white students attend the law school, but it's not up to admissions and it's not up to me. if we had more students, i'm sure they would get in and make this their first choice. >> the university was founded in 1867 with the aim of giving african-americans access to higher education. today, it's hoping to attract a more diverse range of students. whites make up less than one % of the -- 1% of the population. >> there are perceptions and barriers that may cause people if they are white to hesitate sending their children to howard. >> election of barack obama was
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a particularly significant moment for students at howard. edward hills believed it paved the way for change. >> having an african-american president has eliminated racism -- has not eliminated racism or inequality in the states or elsewhere, but it is opening the door for a lot of opportunities. >> the number of black people attending college is on the rise . howard university has undoubtedly contributed to that trend area he's due to graduate next year and he's holding fast to his dream of coming to lawyer and driving change. >> taking things to business days and germany -- german consumer event has been skyhigh all summer, but apparently that is changing amid fears of inflation and the overall economic outlook. >> gf k market research group says germans are in -- are worried about the sluggish economy and sharper food prices. despite that, the survey shows a
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willingness to buy at its all time high since 2006. we have this report from the frankfurt stock exchange and how all of this news has gone down there. >> cereal was again the biggest threat for the german stock are get. only at the end did the dax managed to reduce its losses. french economists predicted already a price hike to the record level of $150 per barrel green already in the next few days, the oil price is likely to make a big jump. shares of carmakers and airlines suffered very much from the prospect grade this is also a burden for the consumer because the price for domestic fuel oil and diesel already picked up. rex let's get a closer look now in frankfurt with the dax again posting losses today of 1%
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today. the euro stoxx 50 down by a quarter of a percent. across the atlantic, the dow jones industrial average posting light gains. the euro trading down on today's trade. >> following the 9/11 attacks in the united states, germany instituted its own raft of anti- terror laws. they were a far cry from the patriot act in the u.s. or the surveillance legislation passed in britain. >> even so, rights groups here expressed concern they went too far and intelligence agencies said they needed to be expanded great but are they working to stop possible terror attacks? >> the government released its long-awaited report today, evaluating the anti-terror laws. >> the 300 page report reviewed some 20,000 laws since 2001. the -- how much freedom should
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the secret service is the granted westmark the six member panel called for improvements. >> when it comes to far-reaching powers of intervention that intrude on the privacy of an individual, we need to have a fully developed process based on the rule of law. to have tracks and transparency. >> there was also criticism of the joint antiterrorism center in berlin, bringing together 40 different government agencies. there is no legal framework for the project, but it calls for greater parliamentary oversight and telephone surveillance. the german interior ministry says in berlin a greater sense of proportion than the u.s. >> the patriot act in the united states allows unlimited storage of communications data by the state area in germany, we have discussed time limits for the
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data stored by telecommunications companies. >> with elections coming next month in germany, the report is seen as an important blueprint for the next legislative period. >> the venice film festival may not get all the sun that they can film festival does, but it is the oldest. today, it's got underway for the 70th time. it opened with a greening of "gravity was closer and george clooney and sandra bullock. they play astronaut and scientists fighting for survival after getting separated from their spaceship. sounds serious. we will have more from venice as it goes ahead. for now, thank you for joining us. >> stay tuned to dw.
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PBS August 28, 2013 6:30pm-7:01pm PDT

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TOPIC FREQUENCY Syria 12, Washington 10, U.n. 9, U.s. 9, Germany 6, Martin Luther 5, Un 4, Nato 4, Berlin 4, Russia 4, Britain 4, Libya 3, America 3, Damascus 3, London 3, Us 3, United States 2, Dr. Martin Luther King 2, Assad 2, United Kingdom 2
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